Satisficing as a life philosophy

I use the term a lot.   The links to definitions of satisficing are the most popular links in the blog so far.  (Just barely beating out sexy library guy #2)

What does it mean?

Wikipedia says:  Satisficing “is a decision-making strategy that attempts to meet criteria for adequacy, rather than to identify an optimal solution.”  The study is mainstream enough now that it’s showing up in Intro Psych books.  Nifty.

Sometimes it is best to optimize.  Sometimes (ironically) satisficing is really the optimal way to make a decision.

The key is that most decisions take time to make and some even require additional effort on top of the time.

Say you’re an employer.  Obviously you want top employees.  But you may want the *best* employee when you’re trying to decide between 50 applicants/10 finalists for a CEO position.  You would want to optimize.  However, if you’re hiring for 5 retail positions and have 5000 applicants, you probably just want employees that meet a certain standard.  You’ll take the first 5 people who meet that standard and stop  interviewing after they’ve been chosen.  There may be more qualified or better candidates that never made it to the interview, but the additional benefit from those candidates (times the probability that they actually are better) would not outweigh the additional costs of searching.

There is a famous study looking at jam.  People bought more jam when they got to choose between 6 types of jam than when they had to choose between 24 types.  The theory is that when given too many choices, they became paralyzed and rather than optimizing, they made no choice at all.  They’re paralyzed by the paradox of choice.   Not so important when we’re talking about buying jam, but tremendously important when we’re trying to figure out insurance or retirement or any other number of difficult decisions.  Can you blame me for just going with the super expensive Ing guy who came to my door?

People who optimize tend to objectively make better choices.  BUT people who satisfice tend to be happier with their choices, even if they’re not optimal.  When you optimize you worry that you made the wrong choice, that there’s something better out there.  Your loss aversion goes into high gear.  When you satisfice, you know that there’s probably a better choice out there, but you are controlling the decision not to bother finding it.  AND you saved a bunch of time not looking for it.  You know your choice was good enough compared to the objective measure you picked.

Optimize when it is really easy to do or when the added benefits from optimizing are large (or the added problems from not optimizing are large).  Satisfice for everything else and stop worrying about it.

Another life-changing book for us was The Paradox of Choice by Barry Schwartz. Definitely worth a read.
As Voltaire said, “The perfect is the enemy of the good

13 Responses to “Satisficing as a life philosophy”

  1. Welcome Readers from « Grumpy rumblings of the untenured Says:

    […] Satisficing as a life philosophy :  Ironically, optimization isn’t always best. […]

  2. Adventures in Retirement Saving Part 3 « Grumpy rumblings of the untenured Says:

    […] good diversified mix of stocks and bonds for your target retirement date. They’re great for satisficing. Unfortunately, companies know that people think they’re great (or more likely that the […]

  3. Carnival of Personal Finance! | Ultimate Money Blog- Save Green and Live Green! Says:

    […] Nicole from Nicole and Maggie: Grumpy Rumblings presents Satisficing as a life philosophy. […]

  4. There is no “best”! « Grumpy rumblings of the untenured Says:

    […] talked about satisficing before… but maybe it’s time to mention it […]

  5. Welcome Simple Dollar Readers! « Grumpy rumblings of the untenured Says:

    […] Optimizing isn’t always optimal. Satisfice– it’s nice! […]

  6. Life Changing books « Grumpy rumblings of the untenured Says:

    […] The Paradox of Choice:  See our post on this book here. […]

  7. Should you buy the best? Should you look at ratings?: A deliberately controversial post | Grumpy Rumblings (of the formerly untenured) Says:

    […] is true that we on the blog are big proponents of satisficing.  The paradox of choice is awesome. (Here’s our book review.)  For many things we’re happy to just buy what’s good enough rather than trying to […]

  8. Time to think about the kitchen remodel again | Grumpy Rumblings (of the formerly untenured) Says:

    […] be more likely to be willing to mess with this, but we don’t, so we’re going to satisfice on this […]

  9. Microsoft People vs. Apple People – Chris Yeh Says:

    […] In the parlance of psychology, they are “optimizers“. […]

  10. Ask the grumpies: How do you approach diversification? | Grumpy Rumblings (of the formerly untenured) Says:

    […] Satisficing will get you pretty close to optimizing risk vs. return.  A Vanguard target date fund is probably good enough, and it’s definitely better for long-term investing than just leaving money in a low interest savings account. […]

  11. Ask the Grumpies: What books have changed your life? | Grumpy Rumblings (of the formerly untenured) Says:

    […] Another life-changing book for us was The Paradox of Choice by Barry Schwartz. Definitely worth a read.  It introduced Satisficing as a life philosophy […]

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